This is a pre-publication version of this manuscript. Anne Speckhard and Molly Ellenberg Abstract In…
As published in African Security
Somalia has been a hotspot for terrorism and instability since the early 1990s. Al-Shabaab, an al-Qaeda affiliate in Somalia, has been successful in carrying out a number of deadly attacks outside of Somalia and enticing non-Somali foreign fighters, Somali-Kenyans included, to its ranks. Relying on primary research interviews with sixteen Kenyan al-Shabaab members and their family members, this article highlights psychological, physical, emotional, and financial rewards of joining the terrorist group. In addition to better understanding the trajectory of joining and abandoning the terrorist group, the findings suggest the need to consider using defector and insider voices to denounce violent extremist and terrorist groups.
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