A Poor Man in the Islamic State is based on the video interview of Syrian ISIS defector Abu Abdullah recorded in Turkey in October 2015 by Anne Speckhard and Ahmet S. Yayla. In this video, Abu Abdullah talks about his work in the ISIS hisbah or morality police. According to Abu Abdullah, ISIS hisbah members began extorting money more heavily from their subjects at the end of the month—in order to bring in extra money. While Abu Abdullah states that he was initially lured into ISIS and fighting jihad for “the sake of Allah”, he finds instead that their promises of money, virgins and eternal Paradise are just words, whereas the reality of ISIS is beheadings, slavery and widespread injustice.
Timed transcript of A Poor Man in the Islamic State video:
0:02 The story is about a poor young guy.
0:09 He was sitting with his family at the front porch of his house, eating and drinking tea.
0:20 We were in a van and visited his house.
0:27 At the hisbah [morality police], we would usually increase our tours at the end of the month.
0:28 ABU ABDULLAH
Former ISIS Soldier
0:33 We increased them to bring more money.
0:38 We went to people’s houses or gave any excuses. What matters is to bring back money.
0:43 We can’t come back with empty hands.
0:48 This guy started crying in front of me.
0:52 He told them, ‘I swear to Allah; I don’t have money. My financial situation is really bad.’
0:56 ‘Please Sheikh, I will kiss your feet. I will kiss your hand. I don’t have anything to give you.’
1:03 ‘My house is empty. Come in and see for yourself.’
1:06 That story affected me so much because he had financial troubles.
1:18 It was obvious and they made him pay. I won’t forget this for the rest of my life.
1:27 We were all lured into jihad for the sake of Allah.
1:32 ‘Where is Islam?’ Be careful brothers. I swear to Allah this is unjust.
1:38 Just be aware of getting lured into money, virgins in heaven, eternal Paradise
1:45 Those are all just words. So you kill your brother in Islam. They don’t kill any but Muslims.
1:55 They want to distort Islam’s image. Distortion of the image of Islam. That’s it. Be aware brothers.
2:07 When you see the reality: injustice, beheading of Muslims, Muslim slaves; [you would ask yourself],
2:14 ‘Where is Islam?’ This is not Islam. I swear brothers, I advise you not even think about
2:26 The Truth Behind the Islamic State
2:29 Sponsored by the International Center for the Study of Violent Extremism
2:34 See more at www.theRealJihad.org
Anne Speckhard, Ph.D.,is Director of the International Center for the Study of Violent Extremism (ICSVE) and serves as an Adjunct Associate Professor of Psychiatry at Georgetown University School of Medicine. She has interviewed over 600 terrorists, their family members and supporters in various parts of the world including in Western Europe, the Balkans, Central Asia, the Former Soviet Union and the Middle East. In the past two years, she and ICSVE staff have been collecting interviews (n=78) with ISIS defectors, returnees and prisoners, studying their trajectories into and out of terrorism, their experiences inside ISIS, as well as developing the Breaking the ISIS Brand Counter Narrative Project materials from these interviews. She has also been training key stakeholders in law enforcement, intelligence, educators, and other countering violent extremism professionals on the use of counter-narrative messaging materials produced by ICSVE both locally and internationally as well as studying the use of children as violent actors by groups such as ISIS and consulting on how to rehabilitate them. In 2007, she was responsible for designing the psychological and Islamic challenge aspects of the Detainee Rehabilitation Program in Iraq to be applied to 20,000 + detainees and 800 juveniles. She is a sought after counterterrorism experts and has consulted to NATO, OSCE, foreign governments and to the U.S. Senate & House, Departments of State, Defense, Justice, Homeland Security, Health & Human Services, CIA and FBI and CNN, BBC, NPR, Fox News, MSNBC, CTV, and in Time, The New York Times, The Washington Post, London Times and many other publications. She regularly speaks and publishes on the topics of the psychology of radicalization and terrorism and is the author of several books, including Talking to Terrorists, Bride of ISIS, Undercover Jihadi and ISIS Defectors: Inside Stories of the Terrorist Caliphate. Her publications are found here: https://georgetown.academia.edu/AnneSpeckhardWebsite: and on the ICSVE website https://www.icsve.org